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California is the largest and most important wine region in the United States. It extends to an impressive ten degrees latitude, which inevitably offers a variety of climatic and microclimatic conditions.More
And when you add the relief diversity - mountains, valleys, plains and plateaus, it becomes clear that there is a truly amazing selection of terroirs.
The country's viticultural history dates back to the 18th century, when settlers and missionaries made their way to the west coast. However, California wines have only gained worldwide fame in the last few decades - and especially after the Paris verdict of 1976, when in a blind tasting, Californian representatives in both white and red wines won without appeal to the French.
Today, California hosts some of the world's largest wine companies, as well as some boutique wineries with cult and expensive wines, the subject of connoisseurs and collectors. The main varieties grown in California are Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay, but recently Pinot Noir, Merlot and Syrah wines have also been successful. Perhaps the most distinctive and terroir variety in California (and in the United States as a whole) is Zinfandel (Primitivo in Italy), which has found wonderful conditions for development here. The cooler and northern regions, closer to the Atlantic coast (Sonoma), are more suitable for cooling Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, while inland - Napa - is home to the most famous red wines in California based on Cabernet Sauvignon.