Bordeaux is perhaps the most famous wine region in France. It stretches 130 kilometers inland from the Atlantic coast. In 2018, 111,000 hectares of vineyards were registered, a figure that remains largely constant over the previous decade. The main varieties grown here are Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Petit Verdot and Cabernet Franc and they are used to make different wines, each producer having its own blend and proportions of mixing the varieties. Here are produced some of the most famous, most expensive and long-lasting wines in the world - the well-known subregions Medoc, Graves, St. Emilion, Pomerol and many others. Bordeaux is divided by the Gironde River on the left and right banks. Characteristic of the left bank (Medoc, Haut Medoc, Graves) is the more serious presence of Cabernet Sauvignon in the blend of wine, while on the right bank (St. Emillion, Pomerol) merlot predominates.
In addition to red wines, Bordeaux is famous for the production of white, mainly a blend between Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon, with the Sauternes subregion and the leading Chateau d’Yquem, famous for its complex and multi-layered, aromatic and sweet botrytized dessert wine.